CRIN, with partners, has carried out a collaborative project seeking to establish how children can access the justice system in their countries. By this we mean the status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in the national law of each country around the world. We mean how the law treats children involved in legal proceedings, the legal means available to challenge violations of children’s rights, and the practical considerations in challenging violations using the legal system. With the data and information collected, we have compiled a report outlining the ways that national legal systems can be used to combat violations of children’s rights, and the ways that children can use the law to assert their own rights. We have also identified where the law falls short, and where legal systems are designed in ways that make it difficult or impossible to combat abuses of children’s rights.

The focus has been on legal remedies as the most direct means of challenging rights violations, but they require specialist knowledge and expertise and can be very complicated for people without legal training. Having carried out this research and published our report, Rights, Remedies and Representation: A global report on access to justice, we hope to help children, their families and local NGOs in engaging with their national legal systems to challenge children’s rights violations.

Complete list of country reports


Afghanistan - download
Albania - download
Algeria - download in English and French
Andorra - download
Angola - download
Antigua and Barbuda - download
Argentina - download in English and Spanish
Armenia - download
Australia - download
Austria - download
Azerbaijan - download in English and in Russian


Bahamas - download
Bahrain - download
Bangladesh - download
Barbados - download
Belarus - download in English and Russian
Belgium - download in English and French
Belize - download
Benin - download in English and French
Bhutan - download
Bolivia - download in English and Spanish
Bosnia and Herzegovina - download
Botswana - download
Brazil - download
Brunei - download
Bulgaria - download
Burkina Faso - download in English and in French
Burundi - download in English and French


Cabo Verde - download
Cambodia - download
Cameroon - download in English and in French
Canada - download
Central African Republic - download in English and in French
Chad - download in English and in French
Chile - download in English and Spanish
China - download
Colombia - download in English and Spanish
Comoros - download in English and French
Congo, Democratic Republic of - download in English and in French
Congo, Republic of the - download in English and in French
Costa Rica - download in English and Spanish
Cote D'Ivoire - download in English and in French
Croatia - download
Cuba - download in English and Spanish
Cyprus - download
Czech Republic - download


Denmark - download
Djibouti - download in English and French
Dominica - download
Dominican Republic - download in English and Spanish


Ecuador - download in English and Spanish
Egypt - download in English and Arabic
El Salvador - download in English and Spanish
Eritrea - download
Estonia - download
Ethiopia - download
Equatorial Guinea - download in English and Spanish


Fiji - download
Finland - download
France - download in English and French


Gabon - download in English and French
Gambia - download
Georgia - download
Germany - download
Ghana - download
Greece - download
Grenada - download
Guatemala - download in English and Spanish
Guinea - download in English and French
Guinea-Bissau - download
Guyana - download


Haiti - download in English and French
Honduras - download in English and Spanish
Hungary - download


Iceland - download
India - download
Indonesia - download
Iraq - download in English and Arabic
Ireland - download
Islamic Republic of Iran - download
Israel - download
Italy - download


Jamaica - download
Japan - download
Jordan - download in English and Arabic


Kazakhstan - download in English and Russian
Kenya - download
Kiribati - download
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North Korea) - download
Korea, Republic of (South Korea) - download
Kosovo - download
Kuwait - download
Kyrgyzstan - download in English and Russian


Lao People's Democratic Republic - download
Latvia - download
Lebanon - download in English and Arabic
Lesotho - download
Liberia - download
Libya - download
Liechtenstein - download
Lithuania - download
Luxembourg - download in English and French


Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of - download
Madagascar - download
Malaysia - download
Malawi - download
Maldives - download
Mali - download in English and in French
Malta - download
Marshall Islands, Republic of the - download
Mauritania, Islamic Republic of - download in English and in French
Mauritius - download in English and in French
Mexico - download in English and Spanish
Micronesia, Federated States of - download
Moldova, Republic of - download
Monaco - download in English and French
Mongolia - download
Montenegro - download
Morocco - download in English and French
Mozambique - download
Myanmar - download


Namibia - download
Nauru - download
Nepal - download
Netherlands - download
New Zealand - download
Nicaragua - download in English and Spanish
Niger - download in English and in French
Nigeria - download
Norway - download


Oman - download


Pakistan - download
Palau - download
Palestine, Occupied Territory - download
Panama - download in English and Spanish
Papua New Guinea - download
Paraguay - download in English and Spanish
Peru - download in English and Spanish
Philippines - download
Poland - download
Portugal - download


Qatar - download


Romania - download
Russian Federation - download in English and Russian
Rwanda - download in English and French


Saint Kitts and Nevis - download
Saint Lucia - download
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - download
Samoa - download
San Marino - download
Sao Tome and Principe - download
Saudi Arabia - download
Senegal - download in English and French
Serbia - download
Seychelles - download in English and French
Sierra Leone - download
Singapore - download
Slovakia - download
Slovenia - download
Solomon Islands - download
Somalia - download
South Africa - download
South Sudan - download
Spain - download in English and Spanish
Sri Lanka - download
Sudan - download
Suriname - download
Swaziland - download
Sweden - download
Switzerland - download in English and French
Syrian Arab Republic - download


Tajikistan - download in English and Russian
Tanzania - download
Thailand - download
Timor-Leste - download
Trinidad and Tobago - download
Togo - download in English and French
Tonga - download
Tunisia - download in English and Arabic
Turkey - download
Turkmenistan - download in English and Russian
Tuvalu - download


Uganda - download
Ukraine - download in English and Ukrainian
United Arab Emirates - download
United Kingdom - download
United States - download
Uruguay - download in English and Spanish
Uzbekistan - download in English and Russian


Vanuatu - download
Venezuela - download in English and Spanish
Vietnam - download


Yemen - download in English and Arabic


Zambia - download
Zimbabwe - download

CRIN would like to express our thanks to the many lawyers and NGOs that have supported this work and without whom this project would not have been possible: White and Case LLP, DLA Piper, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP, Emery Mukendi Wafwana and Associés, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center, Confluent Law and CRIN. Each report is individually credited. Thanks also go to Translators Without Borders who have translated many of the reports produced as part of this project.