This report is part of CRIN's access to justice for children project, looking at the status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in national law, the status of children involved in legal proceedings, the legal means to challenge violations of children’s rights and the practical considerations involved in challenging violations.
The CRC has been incorporated into the national law of Russia and takes precedence over domestic legislation. Children through their representatives may lodge a complaint in court against any action or decision that violates their rights. They may launch a civil case where they have suffered injuries, seek judicial review of a law or actions or inaction of the state, or initiate a private or “private-public” prosecution in certain circumstances. There are, however, several barriers to access to justice: generally, children must be assisted in bringing cases; the judiciary lacks independence from the executive branch; and juvenile courts have yet to be established.