Submitted by Denitsa on
This report is part of CRIN's access to justice for children project, looking at the status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in national law, the status of children involved in legal proceedings, the legal means to challenge violations of children’s rights and the practical considerations involved in challenging violations.
The CRC has been ratified and is considered to form part of the national legal system in Mongolia, however, it only takes precedence over just half of the country’s laws. The Convention is not applied by the courts. Children aged 14 to 18 can defend their rights in court, but the judge may decide to involve their parent or legal guardian. Children under 14 years old must be represented by a parent or guardian in all cases. In addition to the court system, there is a national human rights institution which receives complaints, however, it has limited powers to address violations. Complaints regarding violations of the CRC can be directed to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the third Optional Protocol on a communications procedure which enters into force with respect to Mongolia on 28 december 2015.