This report is part of CRIN's access to justice for children project, looking at the status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in national law, the status of children involved in legal proceedings, the legal means to challenge violations of children’s rights and the practical considerations involved in challenging violations.
The CRC does not have the force of law in Monaco, however, some of its provisions have been incorporated through national legislation. Although it has been cited in the national courts, it is unclear whether the Convention is directly enforceable. Children over the age of 15 may make full use of the court system as if they were of full majority, however, a legal representative is required to act on behalf of a child under 15 years old. Courts are able to initiate proceedings in their own motion in relation to the protection of a minor child. Legal aid is available in relation to all legal matters and is allocated depending on the financial situation of the applicant.