The United Nations Committee on the
Elimination of Discrimination against Women
(CEDAW), an expert body established in 1982,
is composed of 23 experts on women's issues
from around the world.
The Committee's mandate is very specific: it watches over the progress for women made in those countries that are the States parties to the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. A country becomes a State party by ratifying or acceding to the Convention and thereby accepting a legal obligation to counteract discrimination against women. The Committee monitors the implementation of national measures to fulfil this obligation.