This report is part of CRIN's access to justice for children project, looking at the status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in national law, the status of children involved in legal proceedings, the legal means to challenge violations of children’s rights and the practical considerations involved in challenging violations.
The CRC is binding in Estonia but is not often cited by the courts. Children require representation to initiate court proceedings, however, a child over 15 years old has a right to be involved together with their representative. The representative is typically the child’s parent and the court can also appoint a guardian to represent the child. Children’s ability to give evidence in court is very limited. Testimony is usually heard from the representative on behalf of the child and the court may refuse to heard evidence from a child under 14 years old. Complaints concerning children’s rights may also be submitted to the Ombudsman for Children.